Coronavirus Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Overview about Coronavirus

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered Coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Incubation period for COVID-19 is 1-14 days, most commonly around 5 days. The disease causes respiratory illness (like the flu) with symptoms such as a cough, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty breathing. COVID-19 virus may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).

Coronavirus Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

How Coronavirus Spreads

  • Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze.
  • The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales.
  • These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person.
  • Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
  • People of all ages can be infected by the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV).
  • Older people and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, and heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.

Common Symptoms of Novel Covid-19 or Coronavirus

People may be sick with the virus for 1 to 14 days before developing symptoms. The most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment

More rarely, the disease can be serious and even fatal. Older people, and people with other medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), may be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill.

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • difficulty breathing (severe cases)

Other than this there are few symptoms which are varying person to person:

  • Aches and pains
  • Runny nose
  • Diarrhea
  • No symptoms
  • Symptoms may range from mild to very severe

Prevention & Protection Tips

There’s currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease (COVID-19), but there are some preventive actions you can take and follow regularly to keep yourself safe from coronavirus. You can protect yourself and help prevent spreading the virus to others if you:

  • Wash your hand often
  • Avoid touching your face, eyes , nose and mouth
  • Avoid crowded places
  • Stay at home
  • Avoid close contact with anybody having respiratory symptoms
  • Cover your mouth and nose while you are sneezing or coughing
  • Stay well hydrated
  • Seek medical advice if you feel sick

Do:

  • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue when you cough or sneeze
  • Avoid close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell
  • Stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell

Don't:

  • Touch your eyes, nose, or mouth hands are not clean

Protect Others from Getting Sick

  • When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose
  • Throw tissue into closed dust bin immediately after use
  • Clean hand with alcohol based hand rub or soup and water after coughing and sneezing and when caring for the sick
  • Avoid close when you are experiencing cough and fever
  • Do not spit in public
  • If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share previous travel history with your health care server provider

Treatment for Coronavirus

There is no specific medicine to prevent or treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe.

Self-care: If you have mild symptoms, stay at home until you’ve recovered. You can relieve your symptoms if you:

  • rest and sleep
  • keep warm
  • drink plenty of liquids
  • use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough

Medical treatments: If you develop a fever, cough, and have difficulty breathing, promptly seek medical care. Call in advance and tell your health provider of any recent travel or recent contact with travellers. If you have doubt about covid-19 infection then you can get your covid-19 test done at govenmenent approved labs. They have home collection facility so you no need to go anywhere.

Fact You Must Know About Coronavirus:

  • To date, there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Do not fall prey to rumours.
  • However, those infected with the virus should receive appropriate care to relieve and treat symptoms, and those with severe illness should receive optimized supportive care
  • If you are healthy, you only need to wear a mask if you are taking care of a person with suspected 2019-nCoV infection.
  • Wear a mask or cover your mouth if you are coughing or sneezing.
  • Masks are effective only when used in combination with frequent hand-cleaning with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly.
  • Do not spread rumours

Be safe, avoid crowd, follow instructions given by government and doctors, stay home and enjoy with your family.

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  • Body Screening Tests & Checkup

    Body Screening Tests & Checkup

    Body Screening Tests & Checkup

    Laboratory Work

    Blood and urine tests in the laboratory detect any disturbances in the chemical levels of your body. There are several tests done, each for its specific purpose:

    How it is done?

    You will be made to sit on a chair with your arm on the hand-rest of the chair or on a table. The technician will insert the needle in a particular vein of your arm and draw in a small quantity of blood, which will then be sent to a lab.

    Chest X-Ray

    A simple and quick procedure that scans the lungs and heart for diseases or irregularities.

    How it is done?

    The technician will position you correctly on the x-ray table. You should not wear any jewellery or metal objects. The technician may ask you to hold your breath for few seconds. Women who suspect pregnancy or are pregnant should not undertake this test. Pregnant ladies should not enter the X-Ray room.

    Electro Cardiogram (ECG)

    An ECG maps the electrical activity and muscular functioning of the heart. It also indicates other abnormal conditions of heart.

    How it is done?

    You will be asked to lie down on a bed/table. Electrodes (small clip-like objects) will be attached to your arms, legs and chest and a gel is applied. A reading of the ECG will be taken from a monitor attached to the electrodes. You have to lie very still and breathe normally unless instructed to hold it. You should not talk during the test.

    2D Echo Cardiography (Colour Doppler of heart)

    It is a kind of ultrasound which provides detailed analysis of the heart on various parameters such as valves, heart chambers, cardiac capacity, congenital defects, etc.

    How it is done?

    A colourless gel is applied to the chest or on the transducer head. You will be asked to lay on your left side as the technician moves the transducer across the different parts of your chest to get specific views of the heart.

    Sono-mammography

    A type of ultrasound conducted to detect and diagnose any lumps in the breasts to screen out cancerous probabilities.

    How it is done?

    A Gel will be put on the breast so the transducer can pick up the sound waves as it is moved back and forth over the breast. A picture of the breast tissue can be seen on a TV screen.

    Ultrasonography of abdomen & pelvis

    This helps to determine any abnormality in the abdominal organs and detect stones and inflammation of the liver, gall bladder, spleen, pancreas and kidneys.

    How it is done?

    A gel will be applied on the whole abdominal area and the transducer is moved slowly over it. An image of the abdominal area will appear on the attached monitor.

    You will be required to have your urinary bladder full by drinking lots of water.

    Total body fat percentage

    This gives you the percentage of fat present in your body in proportion with muscles. This is helpful in determining one’s obesity level.

    Pap smear

    Critical in detection of cervical cancer (which is completely curable if detected at an early stage). It is very common in females.

    How it is done?

    You will need to lie down on your back. A speculum is then inserted into the vaginal area and a small cervical brush is inserted into the openings of the cervix and twirled around to collect a sample of the cells. The results of the Pap smear are usually available after 4/5 days. Women should ideally have Pap smear in the mid of their cycle and not close to having or during their periods.

    Transvaginal Ultrasound (TVS)

    TVS is done to obtain complete evaluation of the pelvic area more appropriately in females.

    How it is done?

    For TVS you will need to lie down on your back with your feet in stirrups. A transducer is inserted into the vagina after the patient empties her bladder. A protective cover is placed over the transducer and lubricated with a small amount of gel to avoid any discomfort.

    Pulmonary Lung Function

    Breathing exercises that check lung condition and lung capacity, which can get altered in some lung and heart conditions.

    How it is done?

    You will need to wear loose fitting clothes that do not restrict your breathing. If you wear dentures, you will have to remove them. A mouth piece will be inserted in your mouth and you will be asked to breathe in, hold your breath and breathe out several times.

    Screening Audiometry Test

    Loss of hearing is a gradual process and sometimes goes unnoticed to the patient. Early detection of this defect can help in taking corrective measures.

    How it is done?

    You will be asked to wear special headphones. The technician will instruct you to raise your hand every time you hear a tone through these headphones. A headband with a small plastic rectangle that fits behind your ear will be put. The tones will be repeated.

    Stress Test or Treadmill Test

    This test is done to check the possibility of blockages in the heart’s blood vessels, when the person is put to exercise.

    How it is done?

    You are connected to the ECG machine with electrodes and told to walk on the treadmill (a machine commonly seen in gyms and fitness centres). The speed and elevation of the treadmill is increased gradually. You should wear comfortable footwear on the treadmill. In case of any discomfort during the test, inform the technician immediately.

    Ophthalmology

    A routine eye check-up to check vision and condition of the eyes.

    How it is done?

    You will be made to sit on a special chair and after a preliminary examination of the eyes, you will be asked to read some text. In some cases eye drops may be put in your eyes for a more detailed examination by other instruments.

    Bone Mineral Densitometry (BMD)

    Helps in assessing bone loss, which can lead to osteoporosis, the main reason for fragile bones that fracture easily.

    How it is done?

    Since it is a type of x-ray, BMD is done in the radiology department. You will need to lie down on your back on a table and the machine will scan your bones of hip and lower spine.

    CT Coronary Angiography (Heart)

    This test is non-invasive and takes pictures of the heart in 0.4 seconds and uses them to construct a 3-D image.

    It very precisely detects any blockages in the blood vessels.

    CT Screening of Neck Vessels (Carotid)

    This evaluates the condition of blood vessels in the neck. By early detection, any narrowing of vessels can be treated to prevent complications in the future.

    CT Screening of Intracranial Vessels (Brain)

    Detects narrowing, blockages and growths in vessels to the brain. This test is critical to prevent fatal conditions like brain haemorrhage.

    CT Brain (Contrast)

    This test gives us information about any pathology in the brain tissues like tumours, haemorrhage etc. It is a quick process that takes only about 3 seconds.

    CT Calcium Scoring

    A non-invasive procedure to obtain information about the presence, location and extent of calcified plaque in the coronary arteries due to a build-up of fat or other substances.

    How these are done?

    For all the above CT tests, the procedure remains same. You will be asked to lie down on your back on the CT scanning table. A contrast medium is injected (except in CT calcium scoring) intravenously. Your heart rate is continuously monitored during the procedure with the help of ECG leads. You are asked to hold breath for 15-20 sec during the scan.

    You should not eat or drink anything except water for at least 2 hours prior to the test. This test will not be done in case of pregnancy or suspected pregnancy

    CT Scanogram / X-Ray of Lumbar Spine and Cervical Spine

    This evaluates the condition of the lumbar and cervical spine. This test is essential in proper diagnosis and treatment of chronic lower back pain.

    Gynaecology Consultation

    A detailed consultation for women regarding contraception, conception, pregnancy and self-testing for presence of certain diseases.

    Diet Consultation: Consultation with a dietician to guide you for balanced diet and proper eating habits. Dietician will also suggest changes in diet, if any required. This consultation will give you in-depth understanding of how to eat better and stay healthy.

    Fitness Consultation

    A fitness expert advises you on the proper fitness program to follow taking into consideration factors like your age, weight, medical history etc.

    Expert Counselling by Doctor

    A final assessment of all your test reports by an experienced doctor. The doctor will give you a detailed analysis of your test results and suggest corrective measures as needed. It is advisable to keep a proper follow-up with your family doctor regarding any measures that are suggested.