The liver plays a crucial role in metabolism by providing necessary biochemicals and thus performs several essential activities. Failing to take proper care of the liver can lead to some severe disorders such as fatty liver diseases. The risk is so immense that it is the tenth most common cause of death in India according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
What is a fatty liver disease?
A layer of fat is accumulated around the liver. Though, it is normal to have some fat around it, too much fat means complications and serious health problems. The study reveals that sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, irregular and unhealthy diet and bad habits are the risk factors of fatty liver diseases. The fatty liver diseases are found to be prominent in Indian population.
How unhealthy lifestyle is associated with fatty liver disease?
Consumption of alcohol
Drinking excessive alcohol damages the liver and results in fats buildup, inflammation and scarring of the liver.
Studies have proven that smoking aggravates the liver-damage.
Fast food and the food loaded with sugar and calories are highly toxic to your liver. Fast food leads to obesity. When too much of fat is produced, our body fails to metabolize it. It is then stored in the liver cells that cause fatty liver diseases.
Lack of exercise
Exercise helps you shed the additional weight and controls the fat in your body. In the absence of exercise, the extra fat will keep on accumulating in your body and around the liver leading to fatty liver disease.
It is essential to identify the fatty liver diseases symptoms. Some of the symptoms include -
- Poor appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
- Confusion and discomfort
If it is progressed to cirrhosis and liver failure it may show following symptoms.
- Jaundice with yellowing of eyes and skin
- Easy bruising and bleeding
- Fluid-filled enlarged abdominal
Fatty Liver Diseases Prevention
The doctors recommend systematic weight loss as the important fatty liver diseases treatment and prevention. Some simple changes in daily routine can go a long way.
- Have a healthy diet with low sugar and limited salt that includes lots of fruits and vegetables with whole grain.
- Get vaccination for Hepatitis A and B.
- Exercise regularly such as morning walk, jogging to reduce weight.
- Consult your doctor whenever necessary for supplementary vitamins.